Author(s): JIMMY E. O. and EYO M. B.
Blood glucose levels were studied in thirty male and female rats fed with bitter lemon, coke. maltina and Sprite for 28 days. They were divided into six (6) groups with five rats in each group. Groups 1 served as control given 10mlkg of distilled water, group 2 was alloxan induced diabetes, group 3 fed with coke, group 4 with sprite, group 5 with bitter lemon, and group 6 with maltina. There was significant increase (P<0.05) in blood glucose level in group 3 on day 7. 14, 21 and 28 days as compared to control. Also in group 4, there was significant increase (P<0.05) in blood glucose level on day 7, 14, 21 and 28 days as compared to control and was significantly lower (P<.005) than that of coke in group 5. The blood glucose levels were lower on day 7. 14, 21 and 28 than those of coke and sprite but within the range on day 7 and 28 days in control. In group 6 with maltina the blood glucose level was within the range compared to control on day 7 but significantly higher (P<0.05) on day 14, 21 and 28 than those of group, 3, 4, 5 and those in control. It is concluded that Maltina, coke and sprite have the tendency of causing diabetes with the high glucose levels associated with their intake. But the LD50 carried out in the study has confirmed the safety of the drinks for consumption.