Author(s): Hamdani Kulsum Shakeel Ahmed & Abdul Rahman Mohammad Maajid
Diabetes mellitus is a major and rapidly growing public health care problem. It is increasing in incidence, and brings with it long term complications. The global increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus is due to population growth, aging, urbanization and an increase of obesity and physical inactivity. The forgoing discussion explains the severity of the metabolic disorder and the complication arising there-of. Presently, whole world is in threat to suffer from these severe secondary complications. The disorder, albeit during treatment, may often precipitate certain medical emergencies, mainly due to the side-effect of ongoing therapy, requiring immediate medical attention. The emergencies and risk factors are described in the literature.